Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X

By Jon|January 26, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

So far in the book, Aristotle has established that there is one end that we all share and are directed towards by our very being: happiness. Happiness is that for the sake of which all else is done: ie perfect and self sufficient. To determine what that is, much of his argumentation rested on The Physics, from which he presumes his students already understand why all individuals of the same class

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book III

By Jon|January 23, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – Since only voluntary actions receive praise or blame, how do they differ from involuntary actions? Compulsion – any case where the course of action lies in a thing outside agent and he contributes nothing. Various examples of mixed voluntary/involuntary: Tyrant holding parents hostage to get you to do something evil Ship is sinking so you throw valuable cargo overboard Murder your mother But when there is an agabilia

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book II

By Jon|January 22, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

In this book, Aristotle sets out to define virtue. Complete definitions consist of a genus (matter), specific difference (form), agent, and end. He establishes the genus as hexis (disposition) by first considering the various principles in the soul, the specific difference as “rendering its subject good,” final cause as “by performing his function well,” and agent cause as “lying in the mean between excess and defect as the prudent man

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book I

By Jon|January 20, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – What are Goods? There are many ends or goods because each work, art, inquiry has an end its directed to and these ends are all for a telos/good.  Every action that a human being does is for the sake of some good they have in mind, and so it is correct to say that the good is that at which all things aim. (Just as by this thing

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Socrates As Management Consultant? Why Executives Are Embracing Philosophy – Worldcrunch

By Jon|January 20, 2017|Personal|

Since 2004, the University of Fribourg has been offering a “philosophical retreat for executive staff” to some 15 candidates, aged between 40 and 50. “Before they came here, a lot of participants had had ‘toolbox training’ and were satisfied, but they were missing the question of the meaning of their actions,” explains Bernard Schumacher, the course instructor. In the end, philosophy doesn’t offer answers, only questions. Via worldcrunch.com  

Aristotle’s De Anima Book II

By Jon|January 11, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, On the Soul (De Anima) of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – The Definition of Soul – Cause to Effect In this first chapter, Aristotle claims matter and form correspond to body and soul, because a living thing is a natural body that exhibits the characteristics of sense and nutrition. Like all natural bodies, there is not only one way we can say they “are,” there are ten. So just like dirt has characteristics which don’t make it what it

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Aristotle’s De Anima Book I

By Jon|January 10, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, On the Soul (De Anima) of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – The Plan of Study of the Soul Sentence: Since activities and powers of soul (form) appear to always involve the body (matter), and since the natural philosopher studies form in matter (properties), the natural philosopher should study the soul insofar as it pertains to the body (properties moving back to their cause). In this chapter, Aristotle gives us some idea of the dignity, plan and difficulty in

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Aristotle’s Physics Book VI – Motion and Its Parts

By Jon|January 8, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

  This post is “still” incomplete. Motion can be divided into species (Book V). But it can also be divided into quantitative parts. It belongs to science of nature to discuss quantitative parts because every mobile being is body. Chapter 1 – Movement, Time, and Space are a Continuum No continuum is composed of indivisibles. Every magnitude is divisible into magnitudes. Since whatever is composed of parts is a body and

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Aristotle’s Physics Book V – Motion and Its Kinds

By Jon|January 7, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – Types of Change, and only subject to subject change is motion technically. what causes the motion, that which is in motion, that in which motion takes place (time), that from which, and that to which it proceeds. Accidental – musical thing walks, a thing becoming  white changes to a being of thought, Something belonging to it- an intermediate is a contrary with reference to its extremes…an intermediate

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Aristotle’s Physics Book IV – Measure of Mobile Beings (Place) and Measure of Motion (Time)

By Jon|January 7, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Place The definition of place as the innermost surface of a motionless body leads to four different distinctions: Common place – nearest container that is at rest relative to the body in question Proper place – is equal to the body in place, but its immobility can be purely formal, as part of the whole system contained within a common place. Natural place – suitable physical environment of a body.

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