Category Archives: Aristotle

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X

Jon/ January 26, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

So far in the book, Aristotle has established that there is one end that we all share and are directed towards by our very being: happiness. Happiness is that for the sake of which all else is done: ie perfect and self sufficient. To determine what that is, much of his argumentation rested on The Physics, from which he presumes his

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book III

Jon/ January 23, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Chapter 1 – Since only voluntary actions receive praise or blame, how do they differ from involuntary actions? Compulsion – any case where the course of action lies in a thing outside agent and he contributes nothing. Various examples of mixed voluntary/involuntary: Tyrant holding parents hostage to get you to do something evil Ship is sinking so you throw valuable cargo

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book II

Jon/ January 22, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

In this book, Aristotle sets out to define virtue. Complete definitions consist of a genus (matter), specific difference (form), agent, and end. He establishes the genus as hexis (disposition) by first considering the various principles in the soul, the specific difference as “rendering its subject good,” final cause as “by performing his function well,” and agent cause as “lying in

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Aristotle’s De Anima Book II

Jon/ January 11, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, On the Soul (De Anima) of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Chapter 1 – The Definition of Soul – Cause to Effect In this first chapter, Aristotle claims matter and form correspond to body and soul, because a living thing is a natural body that exhibits the characteristics of sense and nutrition. Like all natural bodies, there is not only one way we can say they “are,” there are ten. So just

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Aristotle’s De Anima Book I

Jon/ January 10, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, On the Soul (De Anima) of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Chapter 1 – The Plan of Study of the Soul Sentence: Since activities and powers of soul (form) appear to always involve the body (matter), and since the natural philosopher studies form in matter (properties), the natural philosopher should study the soul insofar as it pertains to the body (properties moving back to their cause). In this chapter, Aristotle gives

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Aristotle’s Physics Book VI – Motion and Its Parts

Jon/ January 8, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

  This post is “still” incomplete. Motion can be divided into species (Book V). But it can also be divided into quantitative parts. It belongs to science of nature to discuss quantitative parts because every mobile being is body. Chapter 1 – Movement, Time, and Space are a Continuum No continuum is composed of indivisibles. Every magnitude is divisible into magnitudes.

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Aristotle’s Physics Book V – Motion and Its Kinds

Jon/ January 7, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Chapter 1 – Types of Change, and only subject to subject change is motion technically. what causes the motion, that which is in motion, that in which motion takes place (time), that from which, and that to which it proceeds. Accidental – musical thing walks, a thing becoming  white changes to a being of thought, Something belonging to it- an

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Aristotle’s Physics Book IV – Measure of Mobile Beings (Place) and Measure of Motion (Time)

Jon/ January 7, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Place The definition of place as the innermost surface of a motionless body leads to four different distinctions: Common place – nearest container that is at rest relative to the body in question Proper place – is equal to the body in place, but its immobility can be purely formal, as part of the whole system contained within a common

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Aristotle’s Physics Book III

Jon/ January 7, 2017/ Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Physics of Aristotle, Titles of Works

Change is the genus of motion/movement. Since movement is found in all of the categories, and since what is in all of the categories must transcend them, then movement transcends the categories and is prior. That leaves only potency and act to define it. A body in full act cannot move and neither is one in potency since is hasn’t started

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