Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X

By Jon|January 26, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

So far in the book, Aristotle has established that there is one end that we all share and are directed towards by our very being: happiness. Happiness is that for the sake of which all else is done: ie perfect and self sufficient. To determine what that is, much of his argumentation rested on The Physics, from which he presumes his students already understand why all individuals of the same class

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book III

By Jon|January 23, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – Since only voluntary actions receive praise or blame, how do they differ from involuntary actions? Compulsion – any case where the course of action lies in a thing outside agent and he contributes nothing. Various examples of mixed voluntary/involuntary: Tyrant holding parents hostage to get you to do something evil Ship is sinking so you throw valuable cargo overboard Murder your mother But when there is an agabilia

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book II

By Jon|January 22, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

In this book, Aristotle sets out to define virtue. Complete definitions consist of a genus (matter), specific difference (form), agent, and end. He establishes the genus as hexis (disposition) by first considering the various principles in the soul, the specific difference as “rendering its subject good,” final cause as “by performing his function well,” and agent cause as “lying in the mean between excess and defect as the prudent man

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Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book I

By Jon|January 20, 2017|Aristotle, Authors, My PhD Comprehensive Exam Experiment, Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, Titles of Works|

Chapter 1 – What are Goods? There are many ends or goods because each work, art, inquiry has an end its directed to and these ends are all for a telos/good.  Every action that a human being does is for the sake of some good they have in mind, and so it is correct to say that the good is that at which all things aim. (Just as by this thing

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