• Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book X
    So far in the book, Aristotle has established that there is one end that we all share and are directed towards by our very being: happiness. Happiness is that for the sake of which all else is done: ie perfect and self sufficient. To determine what that is, much of his argumentation rested on The Physics, […]
  • Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book III
    Chapter 1 – Since only voluntary actions receive praise or blame, how do they differ from involuntary actions? Compulsion – any case where the course of action lies in a thing outside agent and he contributes nothing. Various examples of mixed voluntary/involuntary: Tyrant holding parents hostage to get you to do something evil Ship is sinking […]
  • Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book II
    In this book, Aristotle sets out to define virtue. Complete definitions consist of a genus (matter), specific difference (form), agent, and end. He establishes the genus as hexis (disposition) by first considering the various principles in the soul, the specific difference as “rendering its subject good,” final cause as “by performing his function well,” and […]
  • Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book I
    Chapter 1 – What are Goods? There are many ends or goods because each work, art, inquiry has an end its directed to and these ends are all for a telos/good.  Every action that a human being does is for the sake of some good they have in mind, and so it is correct to say […]